1986 congress passed legislation mandating
The proliferation in recent decades of mandatory minimum penalties for federal crimes, along with the tremendous increase in the prison population, has forced those concerned with criminal justice in America to reconsider this age-old question.
The DD Act said that each state would have a protection and advocacy agency for people with developmental disabilities.
Hospitals are then required to provide stabilizing treatment for patients with EMCs.
If a hospital is unable to stabilize a patient within its capability, or if the patient requests, an appropriate transfer should be implemented.
That is, people who become disabled before the age of 22, whose disability is likely to last their entire life, and whose disability affects at least three major life activities such as mobility, learning, ability to feed and dress oneself, decision making skills, ability to live alone, and other such things.
Each state sent out a request for proposals and had their own selection process, but in the end, each Governor selected one group, in Georgia’s case the Georgia Advocacy Office, to designate as the Protection and Advocacy agency for individuals with developmental disabilities and to receive those federal funds.
Or should legislatures leave judges more or less free to tailor sentences to the aggravating and mitigating facts of each criminal case within a defined range?